Fringe Benefit Tax

Part One: Fringe Benefit Tax (10 Marks)
Periwinkle Pty Ltd (Periwinkle) is a bathtub manufacturer which sells bathtubs directly to the public. On
1 May 2013, Periwinkle provided one of its employees, Emma, with a car as Emma does a lot of
travelling for work purposes. However, Emma’s usage of the car is not restricted to work only.
Periwinkle purchased the car on that date for $33,000 (including GST).
For the period 1 May 2013 to 31 March 2014, Emma travelled 10,000 kilometres in the car and incurred
expenses of $550 (including GST) on minor repairs that have been reimbursed by Periwinkle. The car
was not used for 10 days when Emma was interstate and the car was parked at the airport and for
another five days when the car was scheduled for annual repairs.
On 1 September 2013, Periwinkle provided Emma with a loan of $500,000 at an interest rate of 4.45%.
Emma used $450,000 of the loan to purchase a holiday home and lent the remaining $50,000 to her
husband (interest free) to purchase shares in Telstra. Interest on a loan to purchase private assets is not
deductible while interest on a loan to purchase income-producing assets is deductible.
During the year, Emma purchased a bathtub manufactured by Periwinkle for $1300. The bathtub only
cost Periwinkle $700 to manufacture and is sold to the general public for $2,600.
(a) Advise Periwinkle of its FBT consequences arising out of the above information, including
calculation of any FBT liability, for the year ending 31 March 2014. You may assume that Periwinkle
would be entitled to input tax credits in relation to any GST-inclusive acquisitions.
(b) How would your answer to (a) differ if Emma used the $50,000 to purchase the shares herself,
instead of lending it to her husband?
3
Part Two: Ordinary Income ( 5*2 = 10 Marks)
Question 1:
Consider the following situations and discuss whether or not they are income in ordinary concepts:
A cash prize for being the best student in income tax law received by a student who also receives a
Youth Allowance from the government.
A gratuity (not being superannuation) received by a widow from her husband’s former employer in
recognition of her husband’s services.
An honorarium received by a student for acting as honorary secretary of a small country town football
club.
A bonus received by an employee for a suggestion adopted by the management.
Question 2:
Peter is a farmer with 15 hectares of land on which he has grown oranges since 1960. He inherited the
land from his father in that year. The farm has gradually been surrounded by urban development and,
three years ago, following complaints from the neighbours about pesticides, he decided to sell the land.
Two years ago Peter contracted with a consulting engineer and surveyor who prepared a subdivision
plan and who applied to the local council for rezoning. Peter was not directly involved in the plan or the
rezoning, which was granted by the council later that year. Nearly all expenses were paid by Peter,
although he had to borrow $120,000 to cover some incidental expenses.
Following completion of the development the land went on sale through a real estate firm and to date
150 of the 200 blocks have now been sold for residential housing. Blocks sell for an average of $150,000

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