PICO AND SEARCH STRATEGY (PLAN)

Task: Using your scenario and search strategy developed in Assessment 1, you will need to systematically extract evidence from the UTS Library databases, appraise the quality of the evidence using validated tools and summarise the evidence in a way that could be communicated to a patient in your care.

Instructions
This assignment will build on your ability to find and appraise information that could be used in clinical decision making. A large component of our role as a nurse is in education, this assignment will also ask you to summarise the evidence you find in a way that would be understandable for a patient in your care.

This assignment is in four (4) parts:

PART 1: DEVELOPMENT OF PICO AND SEARCH STRATEGY (PLAN)
1. Take the opportunity now to review and refine your PICO and search strategy in response to the feedback from your first assignment (in the 2nd file). You must uses your reasearch plan and find your articles.

PART 2: EVIDENCE OF APPLICATION OF SEARCH STRATEGY (PLAN) IN DATABASE SEARCHES
Enter your search into two different databases of your choice (such as Medline and CINHAL) using the your Systematic Search Plan and the skills you have learnt in the online UTSLibrary search guide in Week 2.
2. Take a screenshot/screengrab/digital picture of your completed searches and paste these into the submission template. These must be READABLE!!
3. From the search results, select two published articles on your topic – one randomised control trial and one qualitative study that provide you with information on your clinical question.
4. Take a screenshot/screengrab/digital picture of the abstract of the two chosen articles and paste these into the submission template.

PART 3: APPRAISAL OF YOUR TWO ARTICLES
5. Use the quality appraisal tools, that we have used in class, assess the quality of the evidence in your randomised controlled trial and qualitative study. Then, choose 2 articles that relevant to your plan and your PICO question and using Havard References Style to referencing these 2 articles.

PART 4: SYNTHESISING THE EVIDENCE
6. Write a 400 word summary of the evidence that the two articles provide (approximately 200 words each). You need to summarise the important information that relates to your clinical question, and also write this in simple language (300 words) as if you were explaining the rationale for your clinical decision making to a patient within your care.
Assessment Criteria (50 marks of overall subject)

Your assignment will be marked in Turnitin in relation to the following criteria:

Marking Criteria
Develops PICO and search terms (3 marks as revision of Assessment 1)
• Determines elements of PICO relevant to the chosen scenario
• Converts the question into a succinct and searchable PICO format relevant to the given scenario
• Identifies appropriate main and alternative search terms
• Identifies appropriate limits for the search, if appropriate (gender, age range, publication dates, and/ or language)
• Transfers PICO terms into the systematic search plan with terms grouped in a logical order
• Appropriately combines the search using ‘OR’ and ‘AND’ Boolean operators
Applies systematic search plan to extract relevant evidence (8 marks as revision of Assessment 1)
• Accurately transfers search into two databases database according the planned search strategy
• Provides a legible screenshots/screengrabs as evidence of the search
• Identifies an appropriate Randomised Control Trial that addresses the specified PICO question
• Identifies an appropriate qualitative study that addresses the specified PICO question
• Provides an abstract for both the Randomised Controlled Trial and qualitative study as screenshots
Appraising the evidence (23 marks)
• Analyses the quality of the randomised control trial using the CASP Randomised Controlled Trial Appraisal Tool
• Analyses the quality of the qualitative study using the CASP Appraisal Tool for qualitative studies.
Synthesising the evidence (16 marks)
• Accurately summarises the information provided in the Randomised Controlled Trial that is relevant to the PICO question (3 marks).
• Accurately summarises the information provided in the qualitative study that is relevant to the PICO question (3 marks).
• Draws overall conclusions and critically appraises the evidence in relation to the PICO question (3 marks).
• Presents the summary in simple language as if you were explaining the rationale for your clinical decision making to a patient within your care (5 marks).
• Provides reference to their selected articles (1 mark).

Databases you may consider using:
• Either Medline (Ovid), CINAHL, ProQuest Health & Medicine or Academic Search Complete (EBSCO) to search for a RCT and a qualitative study.
• Access the databases via the UTS library.
***PLEASE FILL IN THE TEMPLATE PROVIDED IN UTS ONLINE TO COMPLETE YOUR ASSIGNMENT***
Assessment Task 2: Evidence appraisal MARKING MATRIX (50 marks of overall grade)
PICO question (3 marks as revision of previous) Unsatisfactory Pass Credit Distinction High Distinction
• Determines elements of PICO relevant to the chosen scenario
• Converts the question into a succinct and searchable PICO format relevant to the given scenario
• Identifies appropriate main and alternative search terms
• Identifies appropriate limits for the search, if appropriate (gender, age range, publication dates, and/ or language)
• Transfers PICO terms into the systematic search plan with terms grouped in a logical order
• Appropriately combines the search using ‘OR’ and ‘AND’ Boolean operators Superficial and insufficient completion of the PICO elements and research question and application in systematic search plan. Basic application of PICO elements with some elements incorrect or not present. Limited understanding of development and application of systematic search plan process. Clear application of PICO elements showing satisfactory understanding of development and application of systematic search plan process. Clear and appropriate application of PICO elements demonstrating more than satisfactory understanding of development and application of systematic search plan process. Clear and appropriate application of PICO elements to a superior level, demonstrating superior understanding of development and application of systematic search plan process.
Literature search (8 marks as revision of previous) Unsatisfactory Pass Credit Distinction High Distinction
• Accurately transfers search into two databases according the planned search strategy
• Provides a legible screenshots/screengrabs as evidence of the search
• Identifies an appropriate Randomised Control Trial that addresses the specified PICO question
• Identifies an appropriate qualitative study that addresses the specified PICO question
• Provides an abstract for both the Randomised Controlled Trial and qualitative study as screenshots Search plan inaccurate and screenshot not present. Chosen evidence inappropriate or not present. Basic application of search plan. Demonstrates limited understanding of search strategy process. Screen shot present. Clear application of search plan demonstrating satisfactory understanding of process. Screen shot present. Clear and appropriate application of search plan demonstrating more than satisfactory understanding of search strategy process. Screen shot present. Clear and appropriate of search application of search plan to a superior level, demonstrating superior understanding of search strategy process. Screenshot present.
Appraising the evidence (23 marks) Unsatisfactory Pass Credit Distinction High Distinction
• Analyses the quality of the randomised control trial using the CASP Randomised Controlled Trial Appraisal Tool
• Analyses the quality of the qualitative study using the CASP Qualitative Study Appraisal Tool Superficial and insufficient analysis of elements of the CASP appraisal tools. Basic response to CASP appraisal elements and some elements incorrect or not present. Demonstrates limited understanding of appraisal process. Clear response to the CASP appraisal elements demonstrating satisfactory understanding of appraisal process. Clear and detailed response to the CASP appraisal elements demonstrating more than satisfactory understanding of appraisal process. Clear and detailed response to CASP appraisal elements to a superior level, demonstrating superior understanding of appraisal process.
Synthesising the evidence (16 marks) Unsatisfactory Pass Credit Distinction High Distinction
• Accurately summarises the evidence provided in the RCT that is relevant to the PICO question
• Accurately summarises the evidence provided in the qualitative study that is relevant to the PICO question
• Draws overall conclusions and critically appraises the evidence in relation to the PICO question (2.5 marks max)
• Presents the summary in simple language as if you were explaining the rationale for your clinical decision making to a patient within your care Superficial and insufficient summary of evidence and relation to PICO question. Does not provide information in easily understood language. Basic summary of evidence in both RCT and SR in relation to PICO question, with some elements incorrect or not present. Summary of information in easily understood language limited. Clear summary and appraisal of evidence in both RCT and SR and overall conclusions in relation to PICO question. Summary of information in easily understood language to a satisfactory level. Clear and appropriate summary and critical appraisal of evidence in both RCT and SR and overall conclusions in relation to PICO question. Summary of information in easily understood language to a more than satisfactory level. Clear and detailed summary and critical appraisal of evidence in both RCT and SR and overall conclusions in relation to PICO question to a superior level. Summary of information in easily understood language to a superior level.

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