Specific memory biases that could affect how you remember your past

Assignment 1: Retrospective Analysis of Personality

Due Week 9

1. Due Week In this assignment, you will take a retrospective look at your life history.  First, choose an area of the brain and explain what it does, as well as how it would impact an activity from your daily life. Then, analyze the roles of nature and nurture in shaping the person you are today.  Next, describe the influences of culture, environment, and biology on your gender-role behavior. Subsequently, discuss possible sources of inaccuracy and bias in any retrospective analysis. Finally, discuss the reasons why systematic scientific studies are considered more valuable than individual accounts


Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:


Section 1 (1-2 paragraphs):

· Choose one of the following areas of your brain and explain what it does:

· Thalamus

· Reticular formation

· Brain stem (pons and medulla)

· Cerebellum

· Limbic system

· One of the four lobes of the cerebral cortex

· Explain how the area you described contributes to a specific activity from your everyday life.  (Example: During horseback riding, the cerebellum integrates information from the motor systems and balance system.)

Section 2 (1-2 paragraphs):

All of us have been shaped by both nature (biology) and nurture (environment), making us the persons we are today.  In most cases, it is difficult to completely disentangle the separate effects of nature vs. nurture with much certainty.  However, we can make some educated guesses based on our knowledge of familial tendencies that we may have inherited, as well as knowledge of our environment and experiences.  In this section, we ask for you to make some educated guesses about the roles of nature and nurture in your life.

· Describe the role of nature (biology) in shaping what kind of person you are today. Provide a specific example of the role of nature.

· Describe the role of nurture (environment) in shaping what kind of person you are today.  Provide a specific example of the role of nurture.

Section 3 (1-2 paragraphs):

· Describe the influences of culture, your environment, and biology on your gender role behavior.

· Use specific examples from your own life to explain your answers.

Section 4 (1-2 paragraphs):

· Discuss the fallibility of memory in terms of bias and inaccuracy when you reflect on your past.

· Identify specific memory biases that could affect how you remember your past.  Include factors related to cognition.

· Use specific examples from your own life.


Section 5 (1 paragraph):

· Describe why the science of psychology places more emphasis on results based on scientific studies than it does on personal experiences and anecdotes.


Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

· This course requires use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). The format is different than other Strayer University courses. Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.


The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

· Relate psychological concepts to real-world situations.

· Describe the major theories of personality development, learning, memory, cognition, consciousness, development and social psychology.

· Use technology and information resources to research issues in psychology.

· Write clearly and concisely about psychology using proper writing mechanics.

· Click on below Picture/attachment/link to access

Communicating professionally and ethically is one of the essential skillsets we can teach you at Strayer. The following guidelines will ensure:

· Your writing is professional · You avoid plagiarizing others, which is essential to writing ethically · You give credit to others in your work

Visit Strayer’s Academic Integrity Center for more information.

Strayer University Writing Standards

1Strayer University Writing Standards

… If your assignment requires a title page, include the assignment title, your name, course title, your professor’s name, and the date of submission on a separate page.

… If your assignment does not require a title page, include the assignment title, your name, course title, your professor’s name, and the date of submission in the header of your document.

… Include page numbers.

… Use 1-inch margins.

… Use Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, or Calibri font style.

… Use 10, 11, or 12 point font size for the body of your text.

… Use either single or double spacing, according to assignment guidelines.

… See assignment guidelines for instructions to format tables/charts/graphs/ images.

… Use appropriate language and be concise.

… Write in active voice when possible. Find tips here.

… Use the point of view (first, second, or third person) required by the assignment guidelines.

… Use spelling and grammar check and proofread to help ensure your work is error free.

… Use credible sources to support your ideas/work. Find tips here.

… Cite your sources throughout your work when you borrow someone else’s words or ideas. Give credit to the authors.

… Add each cited source to the source list at the end of your assignment so that your reader can find and reference the original material. (See In-Text Citations section for more details.)

… Don’t forget to cite and add your textbook to the source list if you use it as a source.

… Include a source list when the assignment requires research or if you cite the textbook.

… Type “Sources” centered on the first line of the page.

… List the sources that you used in your assignment.

… Organize sources in a numbered list and in order of use throughout the paper. Use the original number when citing a source multiple times.

Writing Assignments

Title Your Work

Use Appropriate Formatting

Write Clearly

Cite Credible Sources

Build a Source List

Strayer University Writing Standards 2

Giving Credit to Authors and Sources When quoting or paraphrasing another source in your writing, you need to give credit by using an in-text citation. An in-text citation includes the author’s last name and the number of the source from the source list. Find tips here.

Option #1: Paraphrasing Rewording Source Information in Your Own Words

· Take the source information and rephrase it in your words. Be sure not to repeat the same words of the author.

· Add a number to the end of your source (which will tie to your source list).

· Remember, you cannot just replace the words of the original sentence.


“Writing at a college level requires informed research.”


As Harvey wrote, when writing a paper for higher education, it is critical to research and cite sources (1).

When writing a paper for higher education, it is imperative to research and cite sources (Harvey, 1).

Option #2: Quoting Citing another person’s work word for word

· Place quotation marks at the beginning and the end of the quoted information.

· Add a number to the end of your quote (which matches your source list).

· Do not quote more than one to two sentences (approximately 25 words) at a time.

· Do not start a sentence with a quotation. · Introduce and explain quotes within the context of your



“Writing at a college level requires informed research.”


Harvey wrote in his book, “Writing at a college level requires informed research” (1).

Many authors agree, “Writing at a college level requires informed research” (Harvey, 1).

Strayer University Writing Standards 3


Source List The source list (which includes the sources that you used in your assignment) is a new page that you will add at the end of your paper. The list has two purposes: it gives credit to the authors that you use and gives your readers enough information to find the source without your help. Build your source list as you write.

Strayer University Writing Standards 4

· Type “Sources” at the top of a new page. · Include a numbered list of the sources you used in your paper. (the numbers

indicate the order in which you used them). A well-researched assignment has at least as many sources as pages.

1. Use the number one (1) for the first source used in the paper, the number two (2) for the second source, and so on.

2. Use the same number for a source if you use it multiple times.

· Ensure each source includes four parts: author or organization, publication date, title, and how to find it. If you have trouble finding these details, then re- evaluate the credibility of your source.

· Use the browser link for a public webpage. · Look for a permalink tool for a webpage, which requires logging in, such as the

Strayer Library.

· Write a comment instructing your readers how to find all sources that do not have a browser link or a permalink.


 Examples Michael Harvey

In the case of multiple authors, only list the first.


This is not the same as copyright date, which is denoted by ©

The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing

http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=nlebk&AN=590706&site=eds- live&scope=site

 How it Will Look in Your Source List 1. Michael Harvey, 2013, The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search. ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=590706&site=eds-live&scope=site

Setting Up the Page

Building a Source List

 Sample Source List 1. Michael Harvey, 2013, The Nuts & Bolts of College Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.


2. William R. Stanek, 2010, Storyboarding Techniques chapter in Effective Writing for Business, College and Life, http:// libdatab.strayer.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=359141&site=e ds-live&scope=site&ebv=EB&ppid=pp_23

3. Zyad Hicham, 2017, Vocabulary Growth in College-Level Students’ Narrative Writing, http://libdatab.strayer.edu/ login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.9b7fad40e529462bafe3a936 aaf81420&site=eds-live&scope=site

4. Anya Kamenetz, July 10, 2015, The Writing Assignment That Changes Lives, https://www.npr.org/sections/ ed/2015/07/10/419202925/the-writing-assignment-that-changes-lives

5. Brad Thor, June 14, 2016, The Best Writing Advice I Ever Got, http://time.com/4363050/brad-thor-best-writing-advice/

6. Karen Hertzberg, June 15, 2017, How to Improve Writing Skills in 15 Easy Steps, https://www.grammarly.com/blog/ how-to-improve-writing-skills/

7. Roy Peter Clark, 2008, Writing Tools: 55 Essential Strategies for Every Writer

8. C.M. Gill, 2014, The Psychology of Grading and Scoring, Essential Writing Skills for College & Beyond

9. ABC Company’s Policy & Procedures Committee, Employee Dress and Attendance Policy, this is a policy in my office

10. Henry M. Sayre, 2014, The Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change Vol 1, this is the HUM111 textbook

Strayer University Writing Standards 5

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